robert | June 15, 2014 ‐ No Comments
Transmedia storytellers will often include live events and real world actions in their experiences. As a company that wants to blur the boundary between fiction and reality, we spend a lot of time thinking how creators should tackle this.
The four-circle diagram showing space, goals, tactics and narrative is an info-graphic created from Hannah Rocha-Leite’s graduate dissertation in which she explores the research into what creates an immersive experience.
Some time ago I decided on a definition of engagement to mean “being in the moment”. That is, completely focused without distraction of other thoughts. Looking at the diagram we can see how these four components seek to occupy our minds and minimize distractions:
- Space – control the environment so that it contributes to the experience and doesn’t distract
- Narrative – give the space context so that we read things the right way. For example, a shop assistant is no longer a shop assistant but an undercover agent.. at least in our minds. She may not know she’s playing that role for us
- Goal – the mind is occupied with the bigger picture, the purpose, the “how does this all fit together?” question
- Tactics – the mind is occupied with the immediacy of the situation and possibly other sensory inputs like touch and sound. For example, watching a reenactment is cool but getting involved by chanting, shouting or, say, waving a flag gets the participant closer.
Of all these, Space can be the most problematic to control and related to this the portal or boundary between the real world and the fictional world. Compare, for example, the work of Secret Cinema and Punchdrunk‘s The Drowned Man. Secret Cinema experiences usually start out in the street around the entrance to the carefully selected building (the location selection for the last two events I’ve been has been spot on and I’m beginning to feel like they must find the location first and then ask what experience can we create around this place). It’s like the fictional world is spilling out into the street – there’s a blurry boundary between fact and fiction. With Punchdrunk, I leave the street (where there is no evidence of what awaits) and then zigzag through a dark corridor or up an elevator. It’s a kind of like a diver’s pressure chamber that allows time for my mind and body to “normalize” to the fictional world and I feel like I’m leaving the real world behind.
For Canal+ we recently designed several live experiences in which the world of Game of Thrones was to come to Spain. Our fictional character, Edwyck, was to meet fans in the real world – in high streets and plazas and cinemas. But seeing a guy in costume doesn’t make an immersive experience! So one of our proposals were to erect a tent that looked like it belonged in that world and anyone wishing to meet Edwyck could step through the tent door to meet him. Hence our characters was “protected” from modern distractions like cars, neon lights etc. and the doorway provided a portal from the real to the fictional. Other proposal used pubs – a much better environment because we could convert them into medieval taverns. Using the pub sound system we could play our own fictional soundtrack to create the right atmosphere, we could use decoraons and potentially even smells.
From Transmedia LA, Hal Hefner’s recent live experience in the format of a cyber punk party, UNTHINKABLE COMPLEXITY benefited from the darkness to obscure out-of-world distractions and maximized with with many people in costume – some LARPing – and in-world table items like documents, flyers and the fetus-in-jar lamp shown here.
robert | June 1, 2014 ‐ No Comments
Note: the video is Rob developing an idea on the fly and you’ll see the mis-steps and retweaks as well as hear the thought process.
How its Played
Players find CCTV cameras around the city, text a unique code and watch pre-recorded video of a story unfolding at that location as seen by the CCTV camera.
To make things more interesting, players and actors wear armbands also with a unique code. Texting the armband code reveals “personal” information about that player or actor.
Some actors are agents of ctOS and will detect intrusions and disable access to the CCTV footage for 15 mins.
How You Make it
Do some location scouting, find a bunch of CCTV cameras and write a script for actors to play out within sight of the CCTV cameras. Use something like this to get the shots for cameras that are high up.
Then you’ll need either a map with the codes (location aware) or a map with cameras (location based). Players text the codes to unlock the content. In the case of the CCTV cameras it’s the scripted video.
For actors playing agents, some codes can lead to audio dramas of conversations that character has had with others or SMS “facts” or, if you have players register their phones and email you could send an email with a full written report.. maybe using the Watch Dogs inspired email template I created. It’s available at the forum.
robert | May 28, 2014 ‐ No Comments
The purpose of this post is to communicate the importance to transmedia storytelling of a good story, meaningful choices and less effort on the part of the audience.
I was inspired by this paper “Improving Computer Game Narrative Using Polti Ratios” by Richard Hall and Kirsty Baird to consider how I might create similar equations to evaluate the strength of transmedia experiences. Hall and Baird create three equations for assessing the strength of a narrative game..
Level of Drama(LoD)= P/E
–P = count of all Polti situations / E = events
Variety of Drama(VoD)= U/36
–U = Unique Polti situations / max 36 available
Involvement in Drama(IiD)= U/(M+5*C)
–U = Unique Polit situations /
–M = main characters
–C = minor characters
Here’s my version for transmedia which works towards a formula for “engagement” (for want of a better word) by looking at the author’s considerations when creating an experience – such as number of characters, channels of communication, touchpoints on and offline, impact of audience choices on the narrative and strength of the narrative.
Confusion Factor (Cf) = (M+C) * Ac
Immersion(I) = P/Cf
Agency* = (Consequences/Choices)
Engagement (E) = I * A / (T1 + 5*T2)
*For discussion of Agency I recommend reading this paper: “Commitment to Meaning: A Reframing of Agency in Games” by Karen & Joshua Tanenbaum
robert | May 16, 2014 ‐ No Comments
The presentation below is a must read for any transmedia storyteller because it highlights the opportunities for so many new ways to tell stories as experiences. Mobile isn’t just a communications device, it’s a portal between fact and fiction. We can use data from the mobile as triggers for new storytelling opportunities.
The Quantified Self is a movement concerned with tracking everything about a person’s daily activity – the places they go, the people they meet, the energy they burn getting there and so on. All that data can be used to control the mood of fictional characters, to control a fictional weather system, to build online “vitality” that can be burned in online gaming, as cues as to when to release new content….
With wearable computing technology, we can use social activity on Facebook or Twitter to vibrate our clothing or change the lights in our home. Why would we want to do that? To create ever more immersive experiences that imagine the confined console game world exploded and played out in real world spaces.
This presentation from JWT is a great round-up of what’s happening in mobile and really inspires lots of ideas!
robert | May 1, 2014 ‐ 3 Comments
I recently had the great honor of meeting Espen Aarseth at a transmedia conference in Granada, Spain and have since been reading and digesting his work.
This week at our Interactive Narratives meetup in London I presented his paper Narrative Theory of Games.
As expected, Espen’s model generated a great amount of conversation and reflection. One aspect of the 4-dimensional model (World, Objects, Agents and Events) that we debated a lot was whether Agents – which we discussed exclusively to be Characters – should be shown on the same dimensions as the others. It seemed to us that the top and bottom of the model is really the degree of agency that a player has – more if a game, less if a story. Yet the depth of the characters (Agents) doesn’t quite fit that axis – the consensus being that rich characterization needn’t be determined by player agency.
It was felt that relationship building with characters was a key to players having a more story-like experience (“story like” meaning expressing the views/message of the author).
What I find helpful about this model is it allows for a more informed discussion about the scope of work when creating a transmedia experience. Rather than thinking very broadly about where to draw the line between player interaction and authorial communication, this allows a better granularity. Also, in our work we’ve tended to allow players to generate their own content (creatable Objects) but that’s not impacted the narrative (the kernels) whereas some ARGs particularly have used this interaction with more fluid kernels.
robert | April 16, 2014 ‐ No Comments
Enter The Lodge is a twitter sequel to the popular Twin Peaks TV series. The show ended in 1990 but the show’s character Laura Palmer vowed to see us again 25 years later. Patrick and Emmett Furey discuss the creative and production process of creating a four-week twitter show!
robert | April 8, 2014 ‐ No Comments
The experience is designed to develop the child and develop the parent-child relationship.
In this podcast, creator Jonathan Bélisle discusses the design thinking and world of user experiences.
Support this Kickstarter project here.
And visit the story page here.
Interviewed by @robpratten
robert | March 5, 2014 ‐ 5 Comments
Here’s the moment our transmedia experience kicked off with a live performance! Below is the official press release…well, translated into English, the Spanish version is here.
Using Conducttr we’re building a MMORPG that’s played out on social media and real life across the whole of Spain. In future posts we’ll have a full case study.
CANAL+ AND TRANSMEDIA STORYTELLER LTD. JOIN FORCES TO TURN GAME OF THRONES INTO AN IMMERSIVE EXPERIENCE IN WHICH THE AUDIENCE PARTICIPATES
CANAL+ joins forces with Transmedia Storyteller Ltd., headed by Robert Pratten, to transform Spain into a huge storytelling canvas with one the world’s most ambitious transmedia entertainment experiences. Called 19Reinos, it will include, among other things, live events, a 5-episode webseries, a location-based online game and strong participation on social media.
Working from the premise “Si lo vives es verdad” (If you live it, it’s true), which is the motto of the communication campaign of the forth season of Game of Thrones in Spain, CANAL + has created an online multiplayer game that is also played in real life and that kicked off with the shooting of the video Aparición (Apparition) - one of the spots of the new season of the series in the presence of 300 fans from across the whole country.
The project is led by Belén Santa-Olalla, senior creative consultant at Transmedia Storyteller Ltd. with extensive experience working with leading brands in the entertainment and education market and supported by Robert Pratten, CEO and founder of Transmedia Storyteller Ltd. Pratten is a world expert in “transmedia storytelling”, which aims at creating powerful audience engagement through multi-platform user experiences. The project is made possible through a technology called Conducttr, that Santa-Olalla describes as a “pervasive entertainment platform”. Pratten, CEO at Transmedia Storyteller Ltd, comments “Conducttr revolutionizes entertainment and marketing because it delights fans with fictional stories that are blended with their real lives and allows the Canal + to develop a truly converged media strategy that encompasses social media, TV, press, PR and live events.”
From the beginning of the first season of Game of Thrones, CANAL+ has built a communication strategy aimed at fans of the series that has materialized in projects such as Grito de Guerra (War Cry), Guía de Poniente (The Westeros Guide) and for the second screen Vive Poniente (Live Westeros). All with the objective of fostering the loyalty of a big community of fans and customers with more than 180.000 followers on its Facebook page (facebook.com/juegodetronos).
According to Berni Melero, Chief of Multimedia Communications at CANAL+: “Television as entertainment has not been only content consumption for years. At CANAL+ we do our best to offer and share with our customers and fans immersive experiences about the contents we have and they enjoy so much. Thanks to Transmedia Storyteller and their technology, this year the experience Game of Tronos in CANAL+ will be much more personalized and participative”
robert | February 26, 2014 ‐ No Comments
Krishna is a technology and story pioneer. He runs Bellyfeel, a leading provider of information and consultancy for traditional media producers who want to expand their audience and increase profits using new devices and platforms.
As a creator, producer and consultant of Transmedia I draw heavily on the media that got me excited when I was a kid. Movies, TV, Music and Books.
Some of those things don’t exist anymore; VHS, vinyl, cassette – but the feelings are still there.
Analogue vs Digital
Those analogue and physical formats were big influences on me and I can’t help thinking that digital is not as rewarding – so you have to try harder as a creator.
As a kid, I would salivate like a starving dog in anticipation of the next 7” single from the Buzzcocks or the Clash. After a Saturday trip to town to buy the shiny black disc in a full colour sleeve, I would be vibrating with pleasure on the bus home. Then the joy of popping on the turntable, dropping the needle and experiencing the music.
I would pore over the sleeve for clues as to what my heroes were saying with this latest slice of pop culture. And getting a bit of ‘behind the scenes’ was really exciting – if you could hear the band talking in the intro or outro, or even a distant ‘1 2 3 4 !’ – this was a massive bonus.
Instant Pop Culture
Digital is all about QUICK – NOW – NO WAITING. That’s not good or bad – it’s just how it is – but instant doesn’t mean better.
And digital gives many more options for creativity and business. But more options doesn’t mean better quality experiences.
In a way, you now have a bigger palette for storytelling but the paint is thinner and the picture comes out not as bright or vivid. (Which is ironic because digital is perceived as being brighter and clearer than analogue media.)
So how do you evoke the kinds of feelings that get today’s audience hooked and wanting more, more, more.
Ignite Your Audience With These Transmedia Tactics
I have been creating Digital, Interactive and Transmedia stories for 15 years now. In that time I have picked up a few useful tricks. Here are 3 Transmedia Tactics you can use to ensure your audience gets very excited about your story experience.
1 – Fan Allegiance.
In the old days this meant joining a fan club by mail or reading the weeklies to keep track of their progress – today you can make it easy for fans to connect and take them along with you (and your story) at very low cost, on a global scale.
Do you know the famous Transmedia campaign “Why So Serious?”. This campaign for the “Dark Knight” film had over 10 million fans all following and joining in the actions around the world. Make your content meaningful to your audience and aim for 10 million global fans!
2 – Anticipation.
Once the audience is hooked in, make them wait a while! Then reward them – this will get them chomping at the bit. Don’t make it so easy for the audience – if your story is good enough it will be worth waiting for.
There was a very early interactive web campaign for the 1997 film “The Game” which actually refused entry to lots of people. This was a completely counter intuitive tactic at the time but a genius one IMHO. Make the audience wait… make them wait and then give them…
3 – WOW! Moments.
Although digital storytelling relies on systems for delivery – when telling stories you have to break out of the systems every now and then to create big WOW! Moments.
Remember a film called “The Crying Game”? Watch this film if you don’t know what a WOW! Moment is. Get the audience to expect the unexpected from your story!
These 3 Transmedia Tactics are highly effective in turning your audience into rabid fans – and your audience had better be hot under the collar as the competition for attention is ferocious these days.
Good Luck! And if you have any further ideas on this subject drop them in the comments.
robert | February 21, 2014 ‐ No Comments
Links to explore:
http://chikara101.com (requires login)